By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Ocean Studies Board
This publication describes the advance of ocean sciences over the last 50 years, highlighting the contributions of the nationwide technology origin (NSF) to the field's growth. some of the people who participated within the fascinating discoveries in organic oceanography, chemical oceanography, actual oceanography, and marine geology and geophysics describe within the booklet how the discoveries have been made attainable through combos of insightful members, new know-how, and at times, serendipity.
as well as describing the development of ocean technological know-how, the publication examines the institutional constructions and expertise that made the advances attainable and provides visions of the field's destiny. This ebook is the first-ever documentation of the background of NSFâ€™s department of Ocean Sciences, how the constitution of the department developed to its current shape, and the people who were liable for ocean sciences at NSF as â€œrotatorsâ€ and occupation employees over the last 50 years.
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Extra info for 50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950-2000
1981. A new global geology: Appendix III: report on Cruise LOCO 6301 with Drilling Vessel Submarex (a reprinting of the report made to NSF). Pp. 1721-1723 in C. ), The Sea, volume 7: The Oceanic Lithosphere. John Wiley, New York. S. 1964. Mohole: The project that went awry. Science 143:115-119. , and 29 others. 1997. ODP's Greatest Hits. C. 28 pp. , and 51 others. 1993. 25 years of ocean drilling. Oceanus 36(4):5-133. Reiche, P. 1945. A Survey of Weathering Process and Products. Univ. New Mexico Pubs.
I also mention a few problems that remain as very important but unresolved by drilling. Time Scales It has been said that the special philosophical contribution of the geological sciences is the establishment of the immensity of geologic time. The elaboration and refinement of time scales have developed apace with new methods to measure the passage of relative and absolute time: superposition of strata, cross-cutting relations among rock bodies, biostratigraphy, radiometric decay, magnetic reversals, variations in isotopic compositions of strata, and rhythmically deposited sediments.
JOIDES planners had by now devised a nine-leg plan of drilling: a beginning leg in the Gulf of Mexico, partly to explore one of the Sigsbee Knolls (a group of buried salt domes); then one leg each across the North and South Atlantic, mainly to date oceanic crust; a leg in the Caribbean; then five legs in the Pacific, including a north-south transect of the thick pile of pelagic sediments close to the Equator; and a long loop westward to explore the possibly very old crust farthest from the active East Pacific Rise spreading ridge.
50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950-2000 by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Ocean Studies Board