Download e-book for iPad: A Black Congressman in the Age of Jim Crow: South Carolina's by John F. Marszalek

By John F. Marszalek

ISBN-10: 0813030021

ISBN-13: 9780813030029

Born a slave in 1850s South Carolina and elected to Congress within the Eighteen Nineties, George W. Murray the antithesis of the African American male within the Jim Crow South and served as a beacon for African american citizens who observed their hopes beaten within the aftermath of the Civil battle. Early within the 20th century, despite the fact that, tragically defeated by means of corrupt Reconstruction politics and white supremacist attitudes he couldn't break out, Murray was once pushed from workplace and from the kingdom. Drawing on large learn to reconstruct Murray’s lifestyles tale, Marszalek defines an age and its humans throughout the compelling conflict of 1 guy and exhibits how and why the nation’s efforts to reconstruct the South right into a biracial democracy failed.
            Murray’s occupation, which spanned 1 / 4 of a century, integrated phrases within the U.S. condo of Representatives and management of South Carolina’s Republican social gathering. He was once an investor in addition to a landed owner of a house who bought tracts to terrible blacks to ensure that them to qualify to vote. yet through the start of the 20 th century, together with his celebration in shambles, he came upon himself on trial for alleged forgery in a land care for of his black land buyers. Murray used to be discovered in charge, and the South Carolina ideal courtroom upheld the decision. Sentenced to not easy exertions on a sequence gang, he escaped to Chicago the place he spent the remainder of his lifestyles in obscurity.

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Additional info for A Black Congressman in the Age of Jim Crow: South Carolina's George Washington Murray

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Clayton postmaster at Columbia, and he made another Independent the postmaster at Anderson, but his major 1889 South Carolina federal officer appointments were all long time Regulars, one black and three whites: Robert Smalls, the black Civil War naval hero and former congressman, as collector of customs at Beaufort; G. I. S. marshall; E. A. Webster, the soon-to-be state party chairman, as internal revenue collector; From Slavery to Public Life / 17 and T. B. Johnston of Sumter County as customs collector at Charleston.

A son was born in December 1879 (later to become a physician) and a daughter arrived in 1881 (later to marry a Baptist minister). 20 Murray’s hard work behind the plow began to pay off. In 1880 he owned forty-nine acres of tilled land and fifteen acres of woodlands and forests; the land and the farm buildings were valued at $1,500. The farm’s yearly production in 1879 was valued at $650. There were five acres of corn and twenty-one acres of cotton, one milk cow, four pigs, one horse, one mule, one working ox, eight chickens, eight peach trees, and four apple trees.

Webster’s strength and Brayton’s weakness grew even more obvious when the Credentials Committee recommended the seating of all the Webster supporters except those from Berkeley County. Murray protested against giving Brayton even this tidbit. In rebuttal, several speakers accused Murray of having run for Congress on the color line and of now trying to punish Berkeley for not swallowing it. The Brayton delegation from Berkeley County was seated despite Murray’s protest. It was a tiny island in a sea of Webster supporters.

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A Black Congressman in the Age of Jim Crow: South Carolina's George Washington Murray by John F. Marszalek

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