By Engineering, and Medicine National Academies of Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Polar Research Board, Committee on the Development of a Strategic Vision for the U.S. Antarctic Program
Antarctic and Southern Ocean clinical learn has produced a wide range of significant and fascinating clinical advances. Spanning oceanography to tectonics, microbiology to astrophysics, the intense Antarctic surroundings presents particular possibilities to extend our wisdom approximately how our planet works or even the very origins of the universe. examine at the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic ice sheets is changing into more and more pressing not just for knowing the way forward for the quarter but additionally its interconnections with and affects on many different elements of the globe.
The U.S. nationwide technology origin (NSF) offers U.S. researchers with wide entry to the continent and its surrounding ocean. A Strategic imaginative and prescient for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research identifies priorities and strategic steps ahead for Antarctic study and observations for the subsequent decade. This survey offers a decadal imaginative and prescient for strategic investments in compelling study and the infrastructure most crucial for aiding this study. This file makes options for high-priority, larger-scale, community-driven study projects that handle questions poised for major develop with the following many years. This record additionally outlines a roadmap during which the imaginative and prescient and those priorities could be met.
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Extra resources for A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research
A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research CHAPTER TWO Opportunities and Challenges of Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research OVERVIEW OF THE BREADTH OF ANTARCTIC AND SOUTHERN OCEAN SCIENCE S cientific research in the Antarctic and the Southern Ocean has always been, and remains, a challenging endeavor. Access to the major research bases requires specialized ships, runways prepared on ice, and aircraft equipped with skis.
For instance, arrays of magnetic observatories are deployed at dozens of locations around the world, to investigate the dynamic variations of the field produced by the changing electrical current systems in the magnetosphere and ionosphere. The polar regions, and Antarctica in particular, are particularly critical nodes in these networks, and these Antarctic-based observational sites would be much less valuable if not planned and utilized as part of the broader global networks. 35 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.
These major infrastructure and instrumentation investments had significant impacts on Antarctic science for almost a decade. The lessons learned from these past experiences, together with the Blue Ribbon Panel’s call for a new round of major infrastructure investments, and the potential for tight science budgets in the coming years, all point to the need for careful strategic planning for the next decade of USAP operations. 20 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research Introduction While these two previous studies laid an important foundation for setting big-picture goals for the USAP, NSF decided that an additional round of guidance would aid strategic planning and ensure that cutting-edge science is maintained during the next round of infrastructure modernization.
A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research by Engineering, and Medicine National Academies of Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Polar Research Board, Committee on the Development of a Strategic Vision for the U.S. Antarctic Program