By World Bank
With virtually part the world¡¯s inhabitants, Asia will verify the way forward for the worldwide HIV/AIDS pandemic. there's a major chance of a large-scale HIV/AIDS epidemic within the zone. and lots of nations have already started the struggle: classes were discovered in numerous contexts, together with reviews from Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. Governments, civil society, and different companions are key gamers during this reaction. in spite of the fact that, with new equipment of investment, problems with skill, and an evolving epidemic, responses needs to have in mind 5 key demanding situations: political dedication and multisectoral help; public overall healthiness surveillance and tracking and review; prevention; care, aid, and remedy; and healthiness providers supply.
Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific identifies concepts for a way the realm financial institution, in shut partnership with govt, civil society and different companions, may help within the reaction on the state and local degrees. It stresses the necessity for nation particular ideas to handle the variety of concerns in the zone and highlights the significance of analytic and advisory paintings during this region to help ongoing and deliberate courses in addition to ability construction efforts.
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Extra resources for Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific
The World Bank has several comparative advantages in working in these arenas in the EAP Region. First, it works broadly across sectors and can bring together all parts of government for policy dialogue, including the ministries of ﬁnance, health, planning, and education. It can also play an important role in donor coordination. Although political commitment and multisectorality are key to an effective response, the important sectors and appropriate government involvement vary by the needs of the country, the stage of the epidemic, and the nature of the groups that practice high-risk behaviors.
There are also regional networks trafﬁcking in women and illicit drugs. These regional factors create the preconditions of high-risk behavior—behavior that can ignite an HIV/AIDS epidemic. Programs to mitigate the risks of mobility must address all stages of migration with a regional approach extending beyond country borders. The Future of HIV/AIDS in the EAP Region Although there are limited data, predictions about the epidemic in EAP range from rates similar to those in Sub-Saharan Africa to estimates of less than 1 percent prevalence in the general population (Annex 5).
To prevent this, the government will need to address issues that are extremely stigmatized. HIV prevention programs among men who have sex with men are also limited and would need similar levels of political support. There is also the chance that the 100 percent condom policy for commercial sex workers could break down. 10 There is also concern because of the signiﬁcant decrease in HIV prevention funding, particularly after the Asian economic crisis. As the mature epidemics in Western Europe and North America have shown, high-risk behavior increases as the risk of HIV diminishes, particularly among the young who never experienced the HIV epidemic at its peak.
Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific by World Bank