By Elaheh Rostami-Povey
This e-book seems at how Afghan ladies have fought repression and challenged stereotypes, either in the state and in diasporas in Iran, Pakistan, the USA and the united kingdom. protecting subject matters from the Taliban and the effect of Sep 11 to the position of NGOs and the expansion of the opium economic system, Rostami-Povey will get at the back of the media hype and provides a colourful and numerous photo of those women's lives. the way forward for women's rights in Afghanistan, she argues, relies not just on overcoming neighborhood male domination, but additionally on not easy imperial domination and opposing the turning out to be divide among the West and the Muslim international.
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Extra info for Afghan Women: Identity and Invasion
Following the ﬁrst Gulf War in 1991, US troops entered Saudi Arabia and Bin Laden began criticizing Saudi Arabia’s close relationship with the USA; he was no longer an ally of the USA. According to the CIA, Bin Laden sponsored terrorist camps and activities in Somalia, Egypt, Sudan, Yemen, Kenya, Tanzania, Riyadh, Dhahran, Aden, Afghanistan and the World Trade Center in 1993. Only at this stage was he declared to be a terrorist but the USA never admitted that years of sponsoring Afghan Mujaheddin had created these movements across the Muslim world with grievances against their own American-backed rulers.
This way they built the foundation for creating social capital22 which was essential for their survival. By creating networks of trust and reciprocity in their neighbourhoods, among their friends and relatives they gave cohesion to their communities. Under Taliban rule, these networks and forms of solidarity became mechanisms for women’s empowerment. Many prominent women chose to stay in Afghanistan and work, either openly or clandestinely, towards empowering other women (as well as children). For example, Suraya Parlyka, as head of the National Union of Women of Afghanistan, became an integral part of the women’s movement: We witnessed twenty-two years of war, terror and bombing.
3 During the Taliban regime, although ethnic conﬂict was at its highest level, women of diverse ethnic and religious groups worked together. The majority of women fought against the Taliban; a minority colluded with the Taliban. In different ways they exercised agency and identity. Communal identity and gender relations In Afghan society, community and group identity dominates. In rural areas in particular, the concept of individual identity is non-existent. Even in urban areas and among the educated upper and middle classes, as well as among the diaspora communities in the West, communal identity is strong.
Afghan Women: Identity and Invasion by Elaheh Rostami-Povey