By Kevin Hillstrom
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Extra info for American Indian Removal and the Trail to Wounded Knee (Defining Moments)
This sequence of events, which played out time and time again during the course of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, reflected major differences in the way that Native Americans and Europeans viewed land ownership. Among the Indian nations of North America, land and resources were shared in common. Individuals, families, clans, and tribes all took what they needed for nourishment, shelter, and comfort, but they did not hoard resources or claim tribal lands for their own exclusive use and benefit (nations did, however, stake out hunting grounds and other territories that were off-limits to other tribes).
S. government. Members also took up all sorts of “civilized” ways, including European-style forms of farming, government, law, and religious practice, to stay in the good graces of 29 Defining Moments: American Indian Removal and the Trail to Wounded Knee the whites that surrounded them. In the end, though, all of their desperate efforts were not enough to stem white demands for their remaining lands. The single greatest blow to the Cherokee nation was the election of Andrew Jackson, a southern planter, slave owner, and war hero, to the presidency in 1828 (see Jackson biography, p.
Socalled “Indian Wars” flared up all across the West in the 1850s and 1860s, and in some cases these conflicts lasted for decades. S. Army troops and settlers battled fierce Navajo and Apache warriors. In present-day Oklahoma, Texas, Kansas, and Colorado, whites fought the Kiowa, Comanche, southern Cheyenne, and Arapaho nations for control of the southern Plains. California and the Pacific Northwest became the site of violent clashes between whites and the Nez Perce and Modoc tribes. The Rocky Mountain region, meanwhile, was wracked by bloodshed between whites and members of the Shoshone, Ute, Bannock, and Paiute nations.
American Indian Removal and the Trail to Wounded Knee (Defining Moments) by Kevin Hillstrom